Urinary Incontinence

Understanding Urinary Incontinence



Body Eliminations, a Delicate Topic

Elimination is a delicate topic few people wish to discuss publicly, let alone reveal their decline. Often the topic of urinary incontinence is an emotional one for many. Embarrassment, lack of knowledge and management concerns are very personal issues for discussion. Whether you have family support or without, information can provide the understanding crucial to create a resolution for an untenable situation.

By definition, urinary incontinence is a term describing the involuntary or accidental release of urine from the bladder. This article will delve into ancillary structures, causes, types and occurrences of urinary incontinence.

Ancillary Structures and Their Functions

In addition to main urinary tract structures, the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra, we have nerve innervations essential for optimal function of the lower urinary tract. The lower urinary tract contains two aspects, one attends to storage of urine in the bladder, the other facilitates voiding. Nerves relay messages to and from the brain. Nerve interventions govern a bladder’s actions. Two nerves control a bladder’s performance in urination. One signals full a bladder to empty with contraction of muscles.

Pressure of a full bladder on the neck of the bladder induces urethral muscles to relax and allow urine to flow out. After urine is excreted, contraction of urethra muscles occurs. A second nerve innervates a state of tension returning the bladder to its relaxation and storage phase. Improper functioning in these nerves’ paths may cause urinary incontinence or other problems to manifest.

Other Essential Structures’ Functions

Sphincter muscles, located at the superior portion of the urethra functions similar to a drawstring. Contraction of these muscles cause urine to be contained within the bladder. When relaxed, urine is permitted to flow out. Damage or an interference of the normal nerve impulse, regulating these muscles may affect, either adequate filling of the bladder or it’s complete emptying.

Direct pressure on a bladder from abdominal structures, other disease, abnormal growths, afflictions and other known conditions can be causes for leakage. Relaxed sphincter muscles or an inadequate opening within the urethra may inhibit proper urine excretion. Leakage may occur; urinary incontinence is the result.

Although an underlying cause for most urinary incontinence exists it can be present without a known cause. Always consult your medical professional for assessment, evaluation, diagnosis and treatment. Persistent causes for urinary incontinence may present serious situations requiring professional attention.

  • Types and Causes for Urinary Incontinence

  • Urge Incontinence – A sudden, strong feeling to urinate accompanied by a frequent loss of urine control, day or night. The urge to void occurs repeatedly before the bladder has reached its normal full capacity. Frequently, small amounts of urine are released.
  • Stress Incontinence – Dribbles of urine leak when one coughs, sneezes, laughs, lifts heavy objects or during vigorous exercise. This affliction is due to pressure on the bladder from abdominal movement. Also, a dysfunction related to poor closure of the bladder’s sphincter muscles may a cause.
  • Overflow Incontinence – Involuntary flow or dribble of urine will result from pressure on an overfull bladder or one failing to empty completely. Any blockage, pressure or narrowing of the urethra impacts urine outflow.
  • Functional Incontinence – This is the form of urinary incontinence we see most often. Generally, a physical or mental impairment is present to affect a person’s awareness of their need to urinate. Conditions include: confusion, dementia, poor vision, mobility dysfunction, medications and other causes.
  • Mixed Incontinence – In this condition, a combination of more than one type of urinary incontinence is seen. Many people are challenged with living with this type of urinary incontinence.

Other Urinary Terms

  • Urinary Frequency – This term expresses the need to void often and in small amounts.
  • Urinary Urgency – A sudden, uncontrollable urge to void is the meaning for urgency.

This is an overview of structures and conditions related to urinary incontinence. Other terms addressing urinary incontinence situations are specific for male and female conditions.

A Happy Function For All Living Beings

The study of biology teaches the basic body functions of nutrition, respiration, hydration, mobility and elimination as essential functions for life.

This article presents places in the urinary tract system where a breakdown may occur to produce urinary incontinence. Understanding the condition opens a path to finding a solution. Perhaps the location of the body’s elimination accounts for our discomfort discussing its functions. The immense number of people affected with this affliction imposes the need for dialogue. Many do not broach the topic until a situation develops.

Anticipated concern for comfort demands answers. Causes, types, treatments and management for females and males living with urinary incontinence are numerous. Understanding may seem overwhelming given the magnitude and emotional distress accompanying this condition. Learning the scope and spectrum of urinary incontinence will provide useful information for an evaluation on the best treatment and management program. Happy is the person who receives relief from emotional stress due to an unacceptable condition. Comfort and a potential for resolution of urinary incontinence is the purpose for this article. To gain renewed freedom, to live life, performing desired activities and the ability to become public again without concern for an embarrassing event is worth its weight in gold.


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